These standards to buddy planting are simply ideas to keep in mind. Each garden is lots of and distinct elements should be considered during the planning phase. These aspects include sun exposure, weather condition, ecology, pollinators, insect population, soil structure and chemistry, and supply of water.
West Coast Seeds has conducted considerable research into these companion planting standards and has actually defined the very best possible results and reasons for each of our suggestions.
Download our Guide to Companion Plantin g. booklet to learn more, planting tips, and a helpful chart that shows both buddy and competing plants in the garden.
The benefits of Buddy Planting consist of
Minimizing Danger Companion planting increases odds of greater yields even if one crop is or stops working affected by natural hardships like weather, bugs, or disease.
Crop Security Companion planting can provide a more delicate plant shelter from weather condition such as wind or sun by growing beside another plant which can protect and protect while itself having a natural defense versus the harsher conditions.
Trap Cropping Buddy planting is the ultimate organic insect management system. Some plants assists repel unwanted pests, while others can be used to draw bugs away from the garden. This is described as trap cropping.
Favorable Hosting Planting in proximity to plants which produce a surplus of nectar and pollen can increase the population of helpful pests that will manage damaging pests.
Here are some standard guidelines for successful buddy planting
Agastache. — Very appealing to bees. Plant a row away from the garden to draw cabbage moths far from Brassica crops. Do not plant near radishes.
Alyssum. — Very attractive to pollinators, and helpful as a mulch to keep weeds down in between rows. Alyssum provides shelter for ground beetles and spiders. See also Buddy Planting with Umbelifers.
Amaranth. — Plant with corn to shade the soil and maintain water. Attracts predatory ground beetles.
Ammi. – This lovely flower draws in lacewings, ladybird beetles, and parasitic wasps. Plant Ammi as a basic insect control plant in your garden. See Buddy Planting with Umbelifers.
Asparagus. — Plant with asters, basil, cilantro, dill, cilantro, marigolds, nasturtiums, oregano, parsley, peppers, sage, and thyme. Asparagus repels nematodes that assault tomatoes, and tomatoes push back asparagus beetles.
Basil. — Will enhance vigour and flavour of tomatoes, planted side-by-side. Great with asparagus, oregano, and peppers. Basil helps fend off aphids, asparagus beetles, termites, flies, mosquitoes, and tomato horn worm.
Broad beans. — Excellent for fixing nitrogen in the soil. Avoid planting near onions.
Bush & & Pole beans. Plant with Brassicas, carrots, celery, chard, corn, cucumber, eggplant, peas, potatoes, radish, and strawberries. Prevent planting near chives, garlic, leeks, and onions.
Soya beans. — Great for fixing nitrogen, and functioning as a mulch versus weeds. Grow with corn. Soya beans drive away Japanese beetles and chinch bugs.
Beets. Plant with bush beans, Brassicas, corn, garlic, kohlrabi, leeks, lettuce, and mint. Avoid planting beets near pole beans.
Borage. — Excellent all around buddy plant. Borage discourages tomato hornworm and cabbage moth caterpillars, and is especially great planted near strawberries and tomatoes.
Brassicas (. broccoli. ,. Brussels sprouts. ,. cabbage. ,. cauliflower. ,. collards. ,. kale. ,. kohlrabi. ,. turnip. )– All benefit from chamomile. ,. dill. ,. mint. ,. rosemary. , and sage . Avoid planting near eggplants. ,. peppers. ,. potatoes.or tomatoes. These four plants are in the Solanum family, and they all choose relatively acidic soil at pH 5.5-6.5, while Brassicas want more neutral soil at pH 6.5-7.0.
Buckwheat. — Repairs calcium in the soil, and makes an incredibly good green manure plant. Buckwheat absorbs nutrients that are not offered to other plants, and can then be composted or tilled under, releasing those nutrients in accessible forms. Buckwheat flowers are attractive to pollinators in addition to beneficial predatory bugs: hover flies, pirate bugs, tachinid flies, and ladybird beetles. It provides shelter for ground beetles.
Calendula. — Wards off a variety of undesirable soil nematodes and asparagus beetles, but might bring in slugs. Plant Calendula with tomatoes and asparagus. Calendula brings in a large variety of pollinators since it offers nectar over the entire growing season.
Carrots. — Plant with beans, Brassicas, chives, leeks, lettuce, onions, peas, peppers, pole beans, radish, rosemary, sage, and tomatoes. Prevent planting with dill, parsnips, and potatoes.
Catnip. — Brings in pollinators (and felines!), and parasitic wasps. Catnip fends off aphids, asparagus beetles, Colorado potato beetles, and squash bugs.
Celery. — Great partner for beans, Brassicas, cucumber, garlic, leek, lettuce, onion, and tomatoes.
Chamomile. — Attracts hoverflies and parasitic wasps. Plant near onions to improve their flavour.
More Gardening Ideas & Resources
Chervil. — Exceptional buddy for Brassicas, lettuce, and radishes, however does best in part shade. Chervil assists to fend off slugs and attract parasitic wasps. See likewise. Companion Planting with Umbelifers..
Chives. A companion plant for Brassicas. Prevent planting near peas and beans.
Chrysanthemum. — White blooming mums fend off Japanese beetles. All Chrysanthemums are attractive to tachinid flies and parasitic wasps.
Cilantro. — Fends off aphids, potato beetles, and spider mites. See likewise. Buddy Planting with Umbelifers..
Clover. — Brings in lots of beneficial insects and builds the soil. Helps battle cabbage worms, and increases the number of predatory ground beetles.
Collards. — Plant near tomatoes, which drive away the flea beetles that so typically look for collards to eat.
Coreopsis. – This plant draws in pollinators, but likewise hoverflies, soldier bugs, and tachinid flies.
Corn. — Buddy to beans, beets, cucumber, dill, melons, parsley, peas, potato, soya beans, squash, and sunflower. Avoid planting next to celery or tomatoes. Amaranth makes an excellent mulch between rows by taking on weeds and conserving ground moisture.
Cosmos. – This yearly offers food and habitat to parasitic wasps, tachinid flies, lacewings, hoverflies, minute pirate bugs, spiders, ladybird beetles, big-eyed bugs, damsel bugs, and other predatory bugs. Universe can be direct sown from early March to the end of June in our area so that it blooms continuously throughout the summer. Deadhead spent flowers to extend each plant’s bloom time.
Cucumber. — Plant beside asparagus. , beans, Brassicas, celery, corn, dill, kohlrabi, lettuce, onion, peas, radish, and tomatoes. Prevent planting near potatoes and sage.
Dill. — Dill enhances the health of cabbages and other Brassicas, and is an extremely great buddy for corn, cucumbers, lettuce, and onions. Prevent planting near carrots and tomatoes. Dill draws in ladybird beetles, parasitoid wasps, hoverflies, bees, and garden spiders, making it among the most helpful buddy planting prospects. See also Companion Planting with Umbelifers.
Echinacea. – These seasonal coneflowers bring in hoverflies and parasitoid wasps, so they’re useful for bug control in companion plantings.
Eggplant. — A good buddy for amaranth, beans, marigolds, peas, peppers, spinach, and thyme. Do not plant eggplants near fennel.
Fennel. — Not a buddy for any garden food plant, fennel will in fact inhibit growth in bush beans, kohlrabi, tomatoes, and others. Plant it, however keep it out of the veggie garden Companion Planting with Umbelifers.
Gaillardia. – This flower blossoms over a long period in summer season, providing a rich source of nectar for a host of pollinators.
Garlic. — Planting garlic near roses will help to fend off aphids. Since of its sulfur compounds, it might also help ward off whiteflies, Japanese beetles, root maggots, carrot rust fly, and other pests. Garlic, made into a tea, or spray, will serve as a systemic pesticide, drawing up into the cells of the plants. It’s a good companion for beets, Brassicas, celery, lettuce, tomatoes, potatoes, and strawberries. Prevent planting it near peas or beans of any kind.
Iberis. – This early flowering plant supplies nectar for pollinators prior to lots of others, and it attracts hoverflies and ground beetles. See also Companion Planting with Umbelifers.
Kohlrabi. — A deserving buddy for beets, Onions, cucumbers, and brassicas. Prevent planting near peppers, pole strawberries, tomatoes, and beans.
Leeks. — Grow with beets, carrot, celery, onions, and spinach. Avoid planting near beans and peas. Leeks help drive away carrot rust flies.
Lettuce. — Great companions for beets, Brassicas, carrot, celery, chervil, cucumbers, dill, garlic, onions, radish, spinach, squash, and strawberries.
Lovage. – Use lovage to draw in parasitoid wasps and ground beetles. Oh, and you can prepare with it, too.
Marigold. — French Marigolds (.Avoid planting them near beans. Mexican Marigolds (.T. minuta ) have the exact same impact, and might drive away bunnies. At the exact same time, they attract hoverflies and parasitoid wasps.Melon.
— Fantastic companions for corn, marigolds, nasturtiums, pumpkin, radish, squash, and sunflowers. Avoid planting near potatoes. Melon leaves are loaded with calcium, so they’re excellent for the compost pile. Mint.
— Mint brings in earthworms, hoverflies and predatory wasps, and drives away cabbage moths, aphids, and flea beetles. Mint is invasive, so it might be much better to use cut mint as a mulch around Brassicas, or to limit it in containers around the veggie garden. Avoid planting near parsley. Monarda.
(.Bergamot. ). – This plant blooms in late summer, and is very attractive to bees, parasitic wasps, parasitic flies, and hummingbirds.Nasturtium.
— These plants make a great trap crop for aphids, and they hinder whiteflies, cucumber beetles, squash beetles, Colorado potato beetles, and Mexican bean beetles. It is an excellent companion for Brassicas, cucumbers, tomatoes, radishes, and melons. Oats.
— They grow extremely rapidly for fast tilling to include raw material to beds, and work well when planted with clover or vetch. An exceptional source of green matter for the compost. Onions.
— Plant chamomile and summer season tasty near onions to enhance their flavour. Onions likewise work well together with beets, Brassicas, carrots, dill, kohlrabi, leeks, lettuce, tomatoes and strawberries. Don’t plant onions near asparagus, or peas of any kind. Onions assistance to fend off the carrot rust fly. Oregano.
&&. Marjoram — Oregano is particularly great for warding off cabbage moths, and it can be planted between rows of Brassicas for this function. Also excellent around asparagus and basil. Parsley.
— Parsley likes asparagus, carrots, chives, corn, onions, and tomatoes. The leaves can be sprinkled on asparagus to drive away asparagus beetles, and around roses, to enhance their fragrance. Let a few of your parsley go to bloom to attract hoverflies and predatory wasps. See. Buddy Planting with Umbelifers Don’t plant it near mint. Peas.
— Excellent companions for beans, carrots, celery, corn, cucumber, eggplant, parsley, peppers. potatoes, radish, spinach, strawberries and turnips. Prevent planting peas near onions. Peppers.
— Pepper plants make great neighbours for asparagus, basil, carrots, cucumbers, eggplant, endive, oregano, parsley, rosemary, squash, Swiss chard, and tomatoes. Never ever plant them beside beans, Brassicas, or fennel. Phacelia.
— An important element in any organic garden enthusiast’s toolkit, this multi-purpose yearly flower is quickly to develop, and incredibly appealing to a host of pollinators and advantageous insects. Significantly, it draws in bees and predatory hoverflies to enhance pollination and combat bug bugs. Plant Phacelia around any crop revealing poor pollination, especially squash (including zucchini and pumpkin), melons, and cucumbers. Potato.
— Bush beans, celery, corn, garlic, marigolds, onions, and peas all do well planted near potatoes. Prevent planting potatoes near asparagus, Brassicas, carrots, cucumber, kohlrabi, melons, parsnips, rutabaga, squash, sunflower, and turnips. Radish.
— Plant radishes near beans, beets, celeriac, chervil, cucumber, lettuce, mint, parsnip, peas, spinach, squash, and tomatoes. Avoid planting near agastache or potatoes. It is said that planting 3 or 4 icicle radishes around the mound where you plant squash, and permitting them to grow and flower, will avoid most insects of squash and cucumber. Rosemary.
— Rosemary is a good buddy for beans, Brassicas, and carrots. Rosemary fends off cabbage moths, Mexican bean beetles, and carrot rust flies. Rudbeckia.
– All varieties of Rudbeckia are attractive to hoverflies and parasitoid wasps. Rye.
— Fall rye produces a chemical that hinders the germination of weed seeds. This is called allelopathy. Planted two times in a row, it can choke out several tough weed types for great. It produces masses of useful raw material for tilling under or contributing to the garden compost. Sage.
— Sage fends off both the cabbage moth and the carrot rust fly, so it’s a fantastic all around companion plant in the vegetable garden. Do not, however, plant it near cucumbers, which are sensitive to aromatic herbs. Scabiosa.
– This plant is naturally appealing to hoverflies and predatory tachinid flies, making it really helpful for insect control in natural buddy planting. Spinach.
— A great companion for Brassicas, eggplants, leeks, lettuce, peas, radish, and strawberries, especially. Do not plant spinach near potatoes. Squash.
— Companions: corn, lettuce, melons, peas, and radish. Prevent planting near Potatoes or brassicas. Strawberry.
— These little plants react strongly to neighboring plants. Couple them with beans, borage, garlic, lettuce, onions, peas, spinach, and thyme. Avoid Brassicas, fennel, and kohlrabi. Summer Savory.
— This herb brings in honeybees, and drives away cabbage moths. Planting it near beans and onions will improve the flavour of both. Sunflower.
— Sunflowers planted near rows of corn are stated to increase yields. Usage sunflowers as beacons to bring in pollinators to other crops, especially squash and pumpkins, and any other crop that needs insect pollination. Sunflowers are attractive to a host of domestic and wild bees, and also ladybird beetles, which prey on aphids. Swiss chard.
— Brassicas, beans, and onions make the finest companions for chard. Thyme.
— An all around helpful plant for the garden, thyme is especially worth planting near Brassicas (as it drives away cabbage moths), and strawberries, as it enhances flavour. Tithonia.
– Plant this so-called Mexican Torch to draw in parasitoid wasps, parasitic flies, and soldier bugs to your garden. They will act as a beacon for natural bug control. Tomatoes.
— Another sensitive plant when it comes to companions, tomatoes benefit from asparagus, basil, beans, borage, carrots, celery, chives, collards, cucumber, garlic, lettuce, marigold, mint, nasturtium, onion, parsley, and peppers. Avoid planting along with Brassicas and dill. Turnip.
— Turnips are relaxed, but advantage from mint and pea companions. Vetch.
— Vetch has long roots that fix nitrogen in the soil, and supply masses of raw material for tilling under. Do not let vetch go to seed, as it will come back strongly. The seeds are poisonous to chickens. Yarrow.
— Its aroma repels aphids, but brings in hoverflies, lady beetles, and wasps that take advantage of garden grubs. The leaves and stems of yarrow consist of enzymes that break down quickly, so it can be included to the garden compost raw or as a tea to accelerate the heap. See also. Buddy Planting with Umbelifers We have been asked to clarify what we suggest by near in terms of what makes a bad or excellent neighbour. This differs according to the context. Plants that are said to drive away insect bugs need to be planted rather close to the crops they are implied to protect. Plants like dill, that are normally appealing to predatory pests, can be planted anywhere in the garden.
When it comes to soil chemistry (an example would be Brassicas and potatoes) the acidic soil that potatoes grow in can cause problems for some Brassicas. By practicing routine Crop Rotation, the best soil conditions can be maintained for the best crops, and soil borne illness can be prevented entirely.