Gardening All Year Long Using Nature’s Sunlight

More Gardening Ideas & Resources

Gardening is something you can do year-round. Prepare in January and February so that when March comes you are able to start planting. These ideas from the University of Illinois you’ll be on your method to having a great harvest this fall.

Gardening in January– February

  • Order seeds and garden supplies.
  • Prepare lights and tools for beginning seeds.
  • Clean and keep garden tools

Gardening in March

  • Frost seed white dutch clover in backyard and garden courses where weeds are under control.
  • Complete pruning fruit trees. Fertilize when buds start to swell.
  • 2nd week: Start indoors: onions, broccoli, cabbage, kale, collards, kohlrabi, parsley, lettuce, celery root.
  • Plant outdoors as quickly as soil is practical and reaches 40 degrees; mustard, chard, onion sets, kohlrabi, radish, arugula, peas, fennel, parsley, parsnips, leeks, raddichio, beets, kale, rhubarb, asparagus, shallots, spinach.
  • 3rd week: start peppers and eggplant inside your home.
  • Plant chard, carrot, and beet seeds in garden.

Gardening in April

  • Plant fruit trees.
  • Mulch garden courses
  • Kip down cover crops or leading dress beds with compost.
  • If weather condition is dry, begin watering.
  • First week: start tomatoes inside
  • Second week: transplant onions, leeks, plant potatoes, Jerusalem artichokes.
  • Third week: transplant brassicas, lettuce, chickory, plant strawberries.

Gardening in May

  • Very first week: plant warm season crops like beans, corn, summer season squash, spinach.
  • Second week: (watch weather forecast) transplant tomatoes, eggplant, peppers, hill potatoes.
  • 3rd week: mulch potatoes, plant winter season squash, transplant sweet potatoes. Plant corn last.

Gardening in June

  • Week: prune tomatoes, mulch tomatoes, peppers, eggplant. Establish trellis or cages and start training plants to support. Be sure your support can hold the weight of mature plants.
  • 2nd week: start fall plantings. Plant carrots now through early July for fall harvest.
  • Fourth week. Plant fall turnips, radish, choi.

Gardening in July

  • Second week: plant last cucumber, summertime squash, storage beets, transplant broccoli, cabbage, collards, cauliflower.
  • 3rd week: plant spinach, arugula, rutabaga
  • 4th week: last planting of carrots, beets, chard, beans, basil.
  • Pull onions.

Gardening in August

  • Till beds for garlic and overwintered spinach.
  • 3rd week: Last planting of lettuce, arugula, choi, turnip, radish. Plant cover crops on unused areas of garden.
  • Fourth week: Plant cold hardy crops now through late September for season extension under low tunnels.

Gardening in September

  • Third week: plant overwintered spinach, harvest sweet potatoes before soil temperature levels drop listed below 60 degrees.

Gardening in October

  • 2nd week: harvest winter squash, harvest fall roots before temperature levels drop listed below mid-twenties. Japanese turnips are most sensitive to cold damage. You can hill them to postpone harvest.
  • Fourth week: plant garlic, dig last potatoes.

Gardening in November

  • First week: plant garlic, dig last potatoes. Mulch carrots, parsnips, burdock, and so on that will be left in the ground over winter season.
  • Third week: mulch garlic after ground freezes.

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